Accéder au contenu principal

A - Z : Q = Quilt

Quilt est un mot plus français que patchwork ;-)
Il vient du latin culcita, qui signifie coussin ou matelas.

Ce mot désignait à l'origine un contenant en tissu rempli de plumes ou de laine et qu'on utilisait pour avoir chaud : quelque chose de rembourré, comme un coussin ; ou de piqué, comme un matelas. On retrouve ce mot dans l'espagnol colche, et l'italien coltre.

Dans la France médiévale, on utilisait le mot cuilte, puis coute, et enfin couette.

Quilt is a more French word than patchwork, more used in France ;) 
It comes from the latin word culcita, which means cushion or matress.

This word was originally used for something full of feathers or wood, stuffed like a cushion; or quilted like a matress. The spanish word colche and italian coltre come from quilt.

In medieval France, people used to say cuilte, then coute, and at least couette, still in use today.

(tiré de/From Patchwork : histoire et techniques, de/by Michèle Dhont)


Anatomie d'un quilt :
Anatomy of a quilt:



Photo Jasmine

Trois couches
Three layers


Un quilt est composé de 3 épaisseurs : une pièce cousue, un molleton, et une doublure.
  • La pièce cousue est soit piécée : les morceaux - souvent de forme géométrique - sont cousus les uns aux autres ; soit appliquée : les morceaux sont superposés sur une base.
  • Le molleton est une étoffe plus ou moins épaisse réalisée à partir de fibres de coton ou de polyester, mais également en fibres de laine, de soie, ou de bambou.
  • La doublure est une pièce de tissu qui compose le dos. elle peut être d'un seul tenant si les dimensions du quilt le permettent, ou piécée.
Ces 3 couches sont quiltées ensemble, c'est-à-dire qu'elles sont fixées à petits points, en traçant des motifs décoratifs qui mettent en valeur l'ensemble de l'ouvrage. Ce mode de piquage est aussi appelé matelassage.

Le quilt est généralement terminé avec une longue bande de finition, cousue sur le contour.

A quilt is made up of three layers: a quilt top, batting and backing fabric. 

  • The quilt top is usually pieced, a patchwork of fabric sewn together ; or it can be appliquéd, pieces of fabric sewn on a foundation. 
  • Batting is available in a variety of fibers, cotton and polyester the most recognizable, but there’s also wool, silk, bamboo and a variety of combinations as well. 
  • Backing fabric can be pieced together, or you can find wide widths made specifically for quilting as well.
These three layers are quilted together, meaning that you stitch through all three layers with decorative designs, or tie the layers with heavy string or yarn.

The outside edge is usually finished with a binding. This is a long strip of fabric made to go around the entire perimeter.


Quilts traditionnels
Traditional quilts


Simple ou complexe, le quilt traditionnel est symétrique, composé de blocs identiques répétés et organisés en rangs. Chaque bloc est souvent séparé du voisin par une fine bande, et l'ensemble est entouré d'une bordure.

Simple or complex, traditional quilt design is symmetrical, being made up of many repetitions of the same block in orderly rows. These are frequently combined with uniform sashing between individual blocks and/or borders all around.
Photo Let's Sew

Quilts modernes
Modern quilts


Le Modern quilt prend des libertés avec la structure des blocs, dans un arrangement souvent improvisé, asymétrique et minimaliste, et une gamme de tissus unis.
L'accent est mis sur les grands espaces négatifs, c’est-à-dire le fond, terrain de jeu préféré des quilteuses contemporaines.

Modern quilts go off the grid and use asymmetry, minimalist designs, and more improvisational arrangements of blocks and settings. They may feature bold colors, off-center motifs and graphic designs that give high-contrast pop.
Emphasis is placed on negative space rather than filling the entire quilt with designated block designs.


Bubble gum, Sophie Zaugg

Les deux types de quilts sont inspirants, le quilting est un art.

Commentaires

  1. The color combination is a real eye-catcher. Another informative post :)

    RépondreSupprimer
  2. I understand the design and construction of traditional quilts. But the contemporary one "Bubble Gum" is fascinating. I wonder how someone came up with the design. But the real challenge of that quilt - to me, anyway - is the plan and execution of the actual quilting. How did they know which way to go, where to stop?

    RépondreSupprimer
    Réponses
    1. Sophie Zaugg is a great French modern quilter and she did this beautiful quilt. She explain her process on her blog, and I can just be so amazed!

      Supprimer
  3. The anatomy of a quilt, love it! I have seen some older quilts that were also geometric, but not so minimalist.

    RépondreSupprimer
  4. Bookmarked France Patchwork! So glad they translate the pages. Love seeing how quilting evolves.
    Stephanie Finnell
    @randallbychance from
    Katy Trail Creations

    RépondreSupprimer
  5. Hi Frederique! It's true a mattress is quilted isn't it. I never really thought of it as a quilt before. I like the big puffy quilts.

    RépondreSupprimer
  6. I liked the picture of modern quilt. In India quilts are mostly done by ladies in rural areas and consists of 3 layers.

    https://ideasolsi65.blogspot.com/2019/04/quadriceps-parts-of-body.html

    RépondreSupprimer
    Réponses
    1. Quilts are made of 3 layers, all over the world ;) If not, there are not quilts but patchwork. I love Preeti's quilts, she is Indian and blog at https://sewpreetiquilts.blogspot.com/, see what she does!

      Supprimer
  7. Quilts are amazing. I truly love how you do it. I've never tried to do a quilt because I'm into crocheting, but I enjoyed to see how it's done. Thank you for sharing.

    RépondreSupprimer
  8. Very informative post on traditional and modern process of quilting. Over the years, I've come to really like and appreciate the modern quilts. Thanks for visiting my blog.
    Sue at CollectInTexas Gal

    RépondreSupprimer
  9. At the local county fair every summer, they have a large display of quilts. It's amazing what they do just in this area alone. I can't imagine the ingenuity of those from all over the world.

    RépondreSupprimer
  10. I love that your blog is bilingual. I'm not a quilter, but my Mom made quilts for all the kids and grandkids. On my bachelor brother's she embroidered all his nieces' and nephews' names and birthdates! I thought that was hilarious!

    Ma mère a fait des quilts pour tous les enfants et petits-enfants. Sur celui de mon frère célibataire, elle a brodé les noms et les dates de naissance de tous ses neveux et nièces!

    RépondreSupprimer
  11. Bubble gum, Sophie Zaugg-прелесть! Пока так не умею.

    RépondreSupprimer

Publier un commentaire

Merci pour votre visite ! J'adore lire les commentaires, et je rendrais la politesse dès que possible, soit en visitant et en écrivant un commentaire sur votre blog ; soit, si vous n'avez pas de blog, par mail ou directement sous votre commentaire ici.

Thank you for visiting! I love reading comments, and I will return the visit as soon as possible, and write a comment to your blog ; or by email if you don't have a blog, I may even return comments online.